The Maasai culture is predominantly patriarchal, with a council of elders overseeing the daily running of the village and administering matters on the basis of an oral body of law. Execution and slavery are unknown in Maasai society, and arguments are usually settled via cattle payment.
Cattle herding is still the main activity of Maasai people, and cattle is central to their lifestyle. Traditionally, the Maasai diet consists mainly of raw meat, raw blood, and milk. Leather is used to fashion Maasai shields. Wealth is measured by the number of children and cattle you have: A man with many children, but not much cattle is considered poor (and vice versa).